TIOBE Index for October 2017 puts Java as the undisputed most popular programming language continuing its legacy from previous year. This is good news for any Java application development company as this would mean they will be walking happily to the bank with sustained business coming their way.
What is Java
Java is an application development language. It is an object-oriented programming language used to create quality applications for computers as well as your mobile phones.
Java was first introduced by James Gosling of Sun Micro Systems way back in 1995. In over two decades of its existence Java has gone under continuous evolution that has kept it relevant even today. Some prominent changes like Generics, Autoboxing, Enum and others have taken place in its evolutionary journey. Java SE 9.0 version is the latest version released in September 2017.
Java, in fact, is a general-purpose computer programming language, highly adaptable and platform independent language. It developed over time incorporating the concepts of various languages like C, C++ and others.
This object oriented, contemporaneous and class based programming language is today perhaps the most popular among the programmers.
Where is Java Used
Java is prolific. It is said that almost over 3 billion apps, devices and websites run on Java. That is huge!
A Java application development company finds multiple use for this highly useful programming language. Multiple configurations of Java programming language have been built to suit different types of platforms including Java SE for Macintosh, Windows and UNIX, Java ME for Mobile Applications and Java EE for Enterprise Applications.
Here is a list of some of the most common applications of Java programming language:
Android Apps Development
Android which has captured the biggest mobile phone market share totally banks on Java for its apps development. In fact, it is very surprising to know that all our favourite apps like Facebook, WhatsApp, Flipkart, and LinkedIn are running on Java. Almost more than half of the apps in Google PlayStore are the products of some Java application development company.
Web Application Development
Java is considered very useful for writing web-based content for various web apps, E-Commerce apps and websites. SAP, NetSuite, Alfresco, Liferay, YouTube, Google, Netflix, Mifox (Banking solution) are some of the most popular viral apps in usage today run on Java. Growth of E-commerce has widened the scope, use and applicability of Java further.
Companies these days have to grapple with information and data overload. Big Data Management tools like Hadoop make use of Java in applications like Apache Spark, Elastic Search (ELK), Cassandra, HBASE etc. These tools help the big business enterprises manage large amounts of data and their information systems well.
There are lots of software tools as well as development tools that are written in Java to make the software development task very easy. These include desktop GUI applications, embedded systems, Web applications, including e-commerce applications, front and back office electronic trading systems, settlement and confirmation systems, data processing projects, web servers and application servers, mobile applications including Android applications, enterprise applications, Scientific applications and middleware products.
Benefits of Java App Development
1. It is Simple
Java is a very simple application development language compared to others. It offers a very easy-to-use interface for developers of Java application development company. The simple interface structures of Java have replaced complex multiple inheritances of C++ and also removed the use of pointers making it developer-friendly.
2. It is Independent of Platform and Portability
Java runs on the principle of “Write Once and Run Anywhere”. It is practically platform independent. This means applications developed by Java application development company using this language can be run on any hardware and software platform. The Java applications are supported universally on all Java compatible browsers. It is commonplace to see developers build many Java applications on Windows while run it on UNIX. Thus, Java offers higher cross- functionality and portability as programs written in one platform can run across desktops, mobiles, embedded systems.
3. It Offers Distributive Computing
Distributiveness of Java is a big plus. Distributive computing essentially makes it possible for two or more computers to work together on a network. Networking on Java makes writing a networking program seem like sending and receiving between files. The networking capability of Java has made it popular with developers.
4. Large number of Open Source Librarie
Java app expansion is an open source policy. The Java Class Library enables cross-platform development. Java has rich libraries of default design patterns and other best practices. It allows developers to download the app development tools and develop apps without paying any authorization or subscription fee. The large number of open source libraries are great resources for any Java application development company. Apache, Google, Yahoo, Facebook, LinkedIn and many other popular organizations have contributed to these Java libraries.
5. It Helps to Use and Restore Data Easily
Java stores the data based on the feature of Stack allocation system. Stack management works on LIFO (Last In First Out) principle which makes it easy to store and restore data. Java programmer has the facility of automatic garbage collection and memory allocation while developers of other programming languages have to allocate data and collect garbage.
6. Active Java community and Support
Java is very popular at enterprise, embedded and network level. It enjoys a large active user base which provides robust community support to all programmers. There are bundles of forums like Stack overflows and other user groups to post queries, get support and help on all topics.
Drawbacks of Java App Development
1. Slow Performance
Java requires takes more memory space than the other native programming languages like C and C++. This makes it slower comparatively.
2. Single Paradigm Language
Java is essentially a single paradigm language mostly. However, newer versions of Java do take care of the procedural paradigm by adding some static imports in it. Also, Java compiler is not well optimized yet compared to C++.
3. Enumeration Types and Local Constants
Java does not have the enumeration types, but they can be derived by using a series of constant instead of them. Java has limiting capacity to create high quality data structures due to lack of templates.
Despite these disadvantages Java continues to bring significant value to the world of software development. Java is free, simple, object-oriented, distributed application development language. It effectively supports multithreading and provides multimedia and network support. Java Applications uses the OOPS (Object Oriented Programming) concept that makes the programs extensible, scalable, flexible and therefore, more competent. No wonder, many experts believe that Java is one of the best programming languages ever created.
(The article is contributed by M. Sohel Ather, freelance journalist and tech geek)